Pattern of Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infection following Caesarean Section at an Urban Tertiary Hospital in Lagos, Nigeria

Introduction: This study investigated the pattern of Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infection (CAUTI) following Caesarean Section (CS) at an urban hospital in Lagos, Nigeria. Specific objectives included assessing the incidence and prevalent microorganisms associated with CAUTI.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the Maternal and Child Centre, Ifako-Ijaiye, Lagos State. A hundred pregnant women who had both elective and emergency C-sections and had urethral catheterization for at least 24 hours were recruited. Data on demographic characteristics, C-section details, and urinary symptoms were collected. Catheter urine samples were sent for microbiological analysis for all the participants.

Results: Despite prophylactic antibiotics, the prevalence of CAUTI was 2%. One participant cultured Staphylococcus aureus, while Escherichia coli was cultured in the other. Both participants had emergency C-sections. Two percent of the patients developed CAUTIs.

Conclusion: This study revealed a CAUTI prevalence of 2% post-CS, emphasizing the significance of catheterization duration and aseptic techniques. This was recorded in the emergency C-section participants.

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